10 Animals That Will Actually Make Your Life Better

In toxicology tests, non-human primate (NHPs) are chosen as the best suited for studies of behavior, neurology reproduction, genetics, and transplantation (Wikipedia defines this as the transfer of live cells, tissue, or organs between species’). They are also utilized for Aids testing. They are mostly breed in the USA, China and Europe however they can also be found in the wild or taken from circuses and zoos. There is a high interest in them within laboratory because they are regarded as being crucial to the development of vaccines and the Deep Brain Stimulation test.

“Animal testing precedes human trials, but if we do not know whether the animal testing is relevant to the problem in humans, it will lose even minimal predictive value… the continued use of broad spectrum multi-strain /multi-species testing vividly shows that researchers do not actually know which laboratory results can be legitimately applied to humans”. Hugh LaFollette and Niall Shanks, Brute Science (London: Routledge, 1996) p 27

We are the ones responsible for using animals in our research into the physiological functions as well as for our research into trying to find a cure for the abnormalities. This has been happening since the first known test conducted by those who were Romans as well as Greeks in the fourth and second centuries respectively. The Greeks such as Galen were not just known as herbalists but also for their first tests on animals. It is not known much about their activities during the next decades, when there was certainly strict religious moral codes that were in place to prohibit the experiments.

However the abuse and use of Animals for the sake of science continues to be a frequent and more accepted medical necessity during the 20th and 19th century. We’ve been subjected to an unintentional belief that the sacrifice of animals would ensure our health and a lack of illness. However, we cannot be protected from illness and humans suffer from diseases and new illnesses.

The more people started to turn against these practices due to ethical reasons. It wasn’t until the early 19th century when the first law protecting animals was passed in the British Parliament. In the year 1871, it was when the Cruelty to Animals Act was approved to regulate the testing of animals specifically. Charles Darwin promoted the law and his opinions are clear in a letter he wrote in 1871 to Ray Lankester in 1871… “You ask about my opinion on vivisection. I quite agree that it is justifiable for real investigations on physiology; but not for mere damnable and detestable curiosity. It is a subject which makes me sick with horror, so I will not say another word about it else I shall not sleep tonight.”

Public displays against vivisection were common before the mid 1900’s, with a variety of organizations trying to raise public awareness to the amorality of the practice of medical experimentation. Many of them, including Rukminii Devi played a major role in attempting to end the procedure in Australia as well as in India. Many of the supporters we have today stem because of the early initiatives of the philanthropists that believed the dignity of human beings and the need to treat all living things. They encouraged scientists to investigate different avenues to discover the secrets to health and to find natural cures for diseases.

The opening statement made by Lafollette as well as Shanks is supported by a variety of famous doctors, scientists and researchers. They’re not only offering an opinion about changes needed and presenting evidence to show how inefficient and even absurd animal testing is.

Two strikes are already in place against those who persist in this kind of work, even though they’re motivated by a desire to improve health care, should methods be proven to not scientifically sound. One is the level of cruelty inflicted on animals abandoned against their will to be confined in medical labs. The second is that the techniques do not yield sufficient results in curing illness and, most importantly, in improving the overall health of the population.

Animal lovers are horrified and angry to hear about the thousands of animals that are relegated to the channels for experiments whether it’s horses, dogs, cats or even pigs. Scientists say it’s not cruel to perform the experiments they do to these animals as ‘guinea-pigs when it gives them the ability to treat human ailments. However, animals aren’t volunteers.

Beyond medical reasons, there are numerous other areas that animals are ‘used’ or mistreated. The advancement of technology and the development of new innovations require tests in all areas in which the impact on human beings must be established. With the increasing curiosity in chemical science as well as across all areas of medicine and drugs and the advent of totally innovative technologies being used in surgical procedures, there is a the need to test before releasing to the public.

Animals have been utilized and are still used in all areas of our research and research into the world and our’requirements’ for living. The tests are not only required in the field of food and cosmetics, food additives, surgeries, medical procedures radiation and genetics, X-rays and chemistry, but also in the field of animal farming, animal husbandry and industry. The latest areas of science like the field of xenotransplantation as well as cell science expand the scope of research significantly.

The widespread use and potential abuse of animals in scientific field has grown beyond what anyone could imagine. The majority of facts are not reported by the news media as significant issues worthy of the attention of our viewers. The majority of the time, animals’ rights are not given the attention they deserve and persistent nature of activists are viewed as a source of embarrassing situation. It is also a method employed to make people who are concerned about the cruelty of animals as “greenies,” “fanatics,” or as “tree huggers,” instead of being perceived as compassionate animal people.

It’s a problem that’s universal across many countries that have different laws and practices in relation to the animal care in general and lab animals specifically. There is evidence of a significant progress in international efforts to harmonize methods and to make a gesture toward a more humane approach. With the increasing pressure from the public, we hope that we’ll see significant shifts in our attitudes towards all animals over the next years.

A lot of statistics from different countries aren’t reliable or are difficult to find, but the ones that exist are a testimony to the severity of the problem all over the world.

Britain’s Union of the Elimination of Vivisection and the Nuffield Council on Bioethics are in agreement that 100 million vertebrates are utilized in medical research across the globe every year. The amount of invertebrates in the world isn’t known. Around 10 million live within the European Union.

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) declared that in 2005, 1.2 million animals were utilized. This is excluding an unknown amount of rats, invertebrates mice, and birds.The Laboratory Primate Advocacy Group utilizes USDA’s data to estimate that between 23 and 25 million vertebrate animals and primates are utilized for research every throughout the year across America.

In 1986 in 1986, The U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment states that the data that are coming in vary in the amount of animals employed to test the U.S. Reports range from 10 million to 100 million annually. The estimate they provide is 17-22 million, which excludes mice and rats estimated at 15 million per year. Guinea Hamsters, hamsters, and others are utilized.

Concerning the selection of animals to be used… Cats are preferred in research on neurological disorders. As per the Human Society of the United States about 25,000 cats in year 2000 were utilized in experiments that required “pain and/or distress”. Beagles and other breeds of dogs are used in tests that are extremely intrusive due to their gentleness. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal Welfare Report for 2004 reports that 65,000 dogs were utilized in their facilities registered that year.

This report of United Kingdom figures from the Home Office in 2004 offers comparable statistics and is similar with regard to animals, however it includes around 20,000 rabbits, 200 000 fish, and 20,000 amphibians being utilized in the UK for the entire year.

It is widely believed that the majority of animals are subjected to one procedure which could be short, lasting moments, months, or even years. The outcome of these animals is death as a result of the procedure or be killed for their usefulness in the test. In the laboratory at the University of California in USA every second while at least in Japan each second, and within the UK every 12 seconds. They are not usually considered to be animals but rather as ‘products’.

Australian statistics derived from Australian Association for Humane Research reveal to us..that the total amount of animals used in education and research in the year 2004 was an astounding 6,489,005 living animals used in laboratory experiments …. this figure includes ….. 580,550 rodents 14161 rabbits, 6,911 guinea pigs 2,149 cats 7,179 dogs, 316 271 sheep, 32203 cows as well as 94,692 pigs. 6,576 donkeys and horses and 204,259 mammals native to the area including 328 primates. reptiles, fish, fowl and “others” rounding out the figures.

The city of Melbourne, Australia, Monash University provides an example of the “services that can be obtained for lab animals via the Monash Animal Service. Acquisition from domestic and foreign sources are simple whether it’s cats, guinea pigs cane toadsor rabbits, sheep, non-human primates, and a variety of exotic species of animals. They also have the facility of their very own Rodent Breeding Facility.

ALTERNATIVES TO ANIMAL SACRIFICE
There are other methods available that don’t require testing on animals. Today, a lot of cosmetic and household products companies have abandoned testing on animals and have taken advantage of the numerous advanced methods of non-animal testing available, that range from tissue and cell culture to computer-generated “structure-activity relationship” models. Human cell culture tests have been proven to determine the toxicity of human beings with more accuracy than animal tests.

In Australia and based on the efforts of those who want to advance science , without relying on the cruel actions committed against animals used in research methods The Medical Advances Without Animals (MAWA) was founded in the year 2000 as a registered charity , and is located in Canberra. Cofounders are Ms Elizabeth Ahiston and Associate Professor Garry Scroop. Their strategies provide a new direction for general and medical scientific research by eliminating outdated and inefficient processes and utilizing methods of replacement using cells as well as human gene research and analytical technology, micro-organisms computers, models for computer systems, and any other method that is appropriate in the ethical framework of traditional science. The idea behind the MAWA is attracting a wide range of interest since it doesn’t limit its activities, but instead encourages an array of disciplines and encourages cooperation with scientists who agree with the objectives and objectives of MAWA.

Finally, we can see that all the voices that called out against vivisection have been heard. Darwin’s response to the reduction of science to just curiosity has become an accepted one and has led to intentional efforts to establish an entirely new modern-day system of medicine that is recognized as a humane part of the various healing techniques that exist.

Innovative alternatives to the use and cruelty of animals could soon bring the cruel and outdated habits obsolete and create an improved future for all of us. It is essential to be successful in our endeavor to correct the attitudes that have led to millions of animals their lives to be sacrificed. As humans, we could be able raise our heads realizing that we have become human.

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